A Mechanic changing car tire

Usual Causes of flat tires and How to Avoid them

One of the most common reasons behind a flat tire is external factors that can puncture the tire. This includes sharp objects such as nails, screws, shards of glass, or any sharp debris as well as bad road conditions where your tires come in contact with potholes, uneven roads, and debris.

As this is something one cannot control, the best way to deal with this is by taking preventive measures. Carry a spare tire, drive slowly, and avoid taking bad roads.

When the tire is not inflated properly or there is a leak in the valve stem, your tire is at risk of getting flat. Regular car maintenance to check the valve system is the best way to avoid flat tires. You should also ideally check the tire pressure at least once a month. Another reason why you should check the tire pressure is, that during summertime the heat may cause the tire to become flat.

Over time your tire is susceptible to wear and tear. There is not much you can do about this, but you can look into ways to prolong the longevity of your tires.

Why is it necessary to know how to fix a flat tire?

Knowing how to change a flat tire can not only save you money but is important for your safety. If the tire gets flat in a dangerous area, getting out of there should be prioritized. You can call for roadside assistance in Edmonton, CA to get help from a trusted source. But sometimes it may take them a significant amount of time to reach you, in that case, you should know how to replace your flat tire.

This is also applicable for situations where there is no cell service for you to call emergency flat tire replacement or flat tire replacement service in Edmonton, CA. knowing how to change a flat tire could end up being a life-or-death situation and is a skill every car owner should possess.

Can you drive with a tire puncture or flat tire?

Driving with a flat or punctured tire is extremely unsafe and can lead to internal structural damage or even accidents. When the tire is punctured, as long as it is still fully on the rim of the wheel you can drive the car for a short distance. The tire provides cushioning for that distance.

But there is a risk of the tire breaking off which exposes the metal of the wheel. Fixing the damage to the wheel and suspension can be an expensive one, to say the least. As for flat tires, they are designed in such a way that they keep their shape and structure. As such, you can drive your car safely for a short distance. Manufacturers recommend driving at a speed of 50 mph for no more than 50 miles.

How to Fix a Flat tire?

If you can hear the flapping and feel like you have a flat tire while driving, you first need to pull over to a side keeping a safe distance between you and other passing cars. Dealing with a flat tire is much easier if the car is already parked. Inspect the tire by running your hands along with the tire to find any foreign objects such as nails or glass that might have punctured the tire.

If you find a hole, then you will need to put on a spare tire using replacement tools and drive to the nearest flat tire repair service in Edmonton, CA. In case you don’t have a spare tire, you should call a quick towing service in Edmonton, CA.

1. Look for a safe location

As soon as you notice that your tire is flat, do not abruptly brake, turn, or slow down. Instead, reduce your speed and scan your surroundings to find a level, straight stretch with a wide shoulder. An empty parking lot is an ideal place. Level ground is good because it will keep your vehicle from rolling. Straight roads are better than curves because they are safer.

Never attempt to change a tire on a narrow shoulder in the path of oncoming traffic. Keep moving (slow­ly) until you find somewhere safer. While driving on a smooth road is safer than driving on a rough road, replacing your rim is better than being involved in a car accident. Make sure to consult the owner’s manual for your vehicle and review the specific steps for changing a flat tire.

2. Switch on Hazard Lights

The hazard lights are a safety feature that helps other drivers see you when your car has broken down. If they notice an obstruction in their path, the flashers will give way to Amber so there’s no collision!

3. Apply the Parking Brake and Use Wheel wedges

Always use the parking brake when you come to a stop, this will help reduce any chances of your car rolling. Wheel Wedges go in front or behind your car’s tires to stop it from rolling while you fix the flat tire. If changing a rear wheel, use these for placement ahead of the fronts; but if at fault with an issue up front- place them behind those same rears!

4. Remove Wheel Cover/ Hubcap

If you have a hubcap covering your lug nuts, remove it before lifting the vehicle with jack. If they are exposed then proceed straight to Step 6 

When there is not enough space under or around vehicles for easy access tools like wrenches and rags can be stored in containers nearby which will help keep things clean during transport too!

5. Loose the Lug nuts

Using the lug wrench, turn all of your tire’s lug nuts counterclockwise until you break their resistance. You may have to use force and that is ok! Put some weight on it with either foot or body if necessary for better leverage – but don’t remove too much yet because we’re going back there soon enough.

6. Use the Jack to raise the Vehicle

When you need to replace a tire, make sure it’s the right one for your vehicle and stay safe by following these instructions. The jack should be placed underneath the frame alongside an exposed metal strip that was designed specifically with jacks in mind! If there’s no such thing as room on this side of things then find another way around- because overworking yourself isn’t worth risking damage or injury just so we can change flats faster than before.

To prevent your vehicle from settling and coming off balance, place a small cut of 2×6″ wood beneath it before raising. This can be especially helpful on asphalt surfaces because the weight will more easily fall onto this piece than onto other materials like dirt or gravel which might cause an accident with someone else nearby!

7. Unscrew the Log nuts and Remove the Flat tire

With the lug nuts already loose, you should be able to unscrew them by hand most of the way. When removing a tire, always grip the treads by pulling them gently and make sure that you set it on its side so as not to roll away.

8. Mount the spare tire and Fasten the Lug nuts

With the spare on, line up your hub and push gently until you can see that there is enough space for lug bolts. Put the lug nuts back on the lug bolts and tighten them all the way by hand. Once they are all on, check each one again, tightening as much as possible.  You will tighten them with the wrench after lowering the vehicle to the ground.

Use the jack to lower the vehicle so that the spare tire is resting on the ground but the full weight of the vehicle isn’t fully on the tire. At this point, you should tighten the lug nuts with the wrench, turning clockwise, as much as you can. Push down on the lug wrench with the full weight of your body.

9. Lower the Vehicle

After removing the jack, bring your car as close to ground level and give each lug nut another firm pull with that big wrench of yours.

10. Change the Hubcap

When installing a hubcap from the flat tire, make sure it will fit your spare wheel. If not put them away with other equipment when stowing!

11. Check the Pressure in spare tire

You should make sure the spare tire is up-to-date with its pressure before driving. If you see that it needs more, then please take care and avoid any quick accelerations as this can cause injury!
The “T Type” temporary spares (also called mini spans) require 60 psi or 420 kPa which means they’re not for use on long journeys without assistance from a service station quickly becoming available.”

Is it better to replace or repair a flat tire?

Repairing a flat tire might seem like the most cost-effective solution. But it all depends on how large the puncture is. A hole that has a diameter larger than ¼”, is long, or irregular will not be able to be repaired properly as a long cut indicates the tire’s belt being damaged.

Even if the diameter is under ¼” if the puncture is located near the sidewall or shoulder no matter size of the hole, the tire can not be repaired properly. So keeping all the industry guidelines in mind, you need to decide whether you should replace or repair a flat tire.

Final Words

If you drive a car, knowing how to handle a flat tire is of utmost importance. You never know when you might need to apply this skill. Always remember to carry a spare, replacement tools, and a tire inflation kit. In case of any doubt, its always better to hire a professional mechanic to fix the flat tire. 

Additional Read:  Tires – What You Need to Know

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